(Retinol, AHA’s (Glycolic acid), BHA’s (Salicylic acid), Hydroquinone)
Chemical exfoliants work by accelerating skin cell turnover; this naturally thins out your skin, leaving it much more susceptible to sun damage. It is best to refrain from using chemical exfoliants and instead, use a gentle scrub to keep skin soft and smooth during the summer months or during periods of strong sun exposure.
Products Containing Citrus Oils
(Bergamot, Orange, Lemon, Lime, Grapefruit)
Citrus fruits contain compounds called furanocoumarins that are produced by the plant to protect against pathogens and other organisms. When applied to your skin and then exposed to sunlight, the furanocoumarins elicit a photo-toxic reaction which can cause redness, pigmentation, and in some cases, burns. Avoid using citrus oils for at least 24 hours before sun exposure to protect yourself.
Products Containing Absolutes
(Rose Absolute, Jasmine Absolute)
Absolutes are similar to essential oils— the difference is that unlike essential oils, which are obtained through steam distillation or cold pressing, absolutes are obtained through a chemical process which leaves traces of chemicals behind. These chemicals sensitize your skin, leaving you much more susceptible to a sun burn.
Products Containing Artificial Fragrance
Artificial fragrances are some of the most dangerous ingredients in skin care products as they are known to cause allergic reactions, hormone disruptions and skin sensitivity. When you apply a product containing artificial fragrance and go out in the sun, these effects are amplified. Skip products containing artificial fragrance and instead choose fragrance-free or products that are naturally scented by essential oils.
There are 2 types of sunblock— chemical and physical. Chemical sunblocks work by absorbing into your skin and deactivating UV rays, while physical sunblocks work by creating a barrier on the surface of your skin that deflects UV rays. Chemical sunblock comes with a laundry list of health risks, including cell damage, allergic reactions, and hormone disruption. Choose a physical sunblock (such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide) to safely shield your skin from the suns rays.